Opioid Dependence and Intimate Partner Violence: Associations With the Current Parenting Behavior of Fathers.

Journal Name
Advances in Dual Diagnosis
Journal Volume
Journal Issue
Page Count
Year Published
Author (Individual)
Stover, Carla Smith.
McMahon, Thomas J.
Resource Type
Journal Article
Purpose -- Because the concurrent nature of chronic drug abuse (DA) and intimate partner violence (IPV) is frequently ignored in research examining the correlates of the two conditions, the purpose of this paper is designed to document differences in parenting behavior associated with a history of DA vs a history of IPV in fathers. Design/methodology/approach -- An ethnically diverse sample of 91 opioid-dependent fathers receiving methadone maintenance treatment and a demographically similar group of 111 fathers living in the same community with no history of alcohol or DA since the birth of their first child were interviewed using a set of standard research measures. Findings -- Multivariate analysis of covariance revealed that, after allowance for demographic covariates, a history of either minor or severe IPV, but not a history of DA, was associated with a report of more negative parenting behavior. A history of minor IPV was associated primarily with a lack of warmth and affection in parenting behavior. A history of severe IPV was associated with more aggressive and more neglectful parenting behavior. Originality/value - Within a statistical model that allowed for the extent to which DA and IPV can co-occur during the family career of men, the results of this study suggested that IPV, more so than DA, was associated with parenting behavior representing risk for abuse and neglect of children. Clinical intervention with high-risk fathers need to be grounded in a better understanding of the potential influence of DA and IPV on the parenting behavior of men at risk for child abuse and neglect. (Author abstract)

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