More than 10 million children have had a parent in prison. These children often live with their remaining parent or another family member, or in foster care. Children of incarcerated women placed in foster care are subject to the termination of parental rights requirements of the Adoption and Safe Families Act. The act specifies that termination petitions be filed when children live in foster care during 15 of the previous 22 months. However, no provisions are made for incarcerated parents who cannot attain custody during the time limit. Research has found that parental stress contributes to anxiety, depression, and other psychological and behavior problems for incarcerated mothers. Several programs have been initiated to support families with incarcerated parents by providing advocacy, legal rights education, and visitation services. 8 references.
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