This brief reviews new research in Early Head Start on father involvement. The research finds that fathers are involved, identifies barriers to their involvement, and provides recommendations to surmount those barriers. Findings from a sample of more than 200 participants are cited that indicate 30.4% of nonresident fathers have participated in the Early Head Start program; of those, 9.5% are highly involved with Native Americans having the highest rates of attendance followed by Hispanics. Overall, there was no significant difference in level of involvement by fathers of different races, however, significant differences did exist in the types of activities that attracted fathers of different cultural groups. Barriers to involvement included fathers' work schedules, nonresident fathers, lack of male staff to whom fathers could relate, and disagreements between fathers and mothers. The following strategies for increasing father involvement are highlighted: creating a culture of inclusion with father friendly environments; providing both passive and active outreach; and providing diverse opportunities for engagement at many levels. Additional online resources are listed.
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