The second in a series that addresses important issues facing those crossover youth who are dually-involved and the systems that serve them, this brief begins by explaining the Crossover Youth Practice Model (CYPM) was developed by the Center for Juvenile Justice Reform (CJJR) at the Georgetown University McCourt School of Public Policy to improve outcomes for youth who are dually-involved in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. The model uses a research-based approach to assist child welfare, juvenile justice, and related agencies in adopting policies and practices that better address the needs of these youth and improve their life outcomes. Information is provided on: Out-of-Home Placements (OOHP) and how OOHP may occur as a case moves from child welfare to juvenile justice; the role of out-of-home placements in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems and the importance of reducing their inappropriate use; the relationship between OOHPs and delinquency; the “child welfare bias” that a youth with child welfare system history may face upon contact with the juvenile justice system; the ways in which the CYPM addresses OOHP; and how one jurisdiction has addressed OOHP through the implementation of the CYPM in Bexar County, Texas. 36 references.
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