The Comparison and Interdependence of Maternal and Paternal Influences on Young Children's Behavior and Resilience.

Journal Name
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Journal Volume
Journal Issue
Page Count
Year Published
Author (Individual)
Malmberg, Lars-Erik.
Flouri, Eirini.
Resource Type
Journal Article
Resource Format
We investigated how mothers' and fathers' depressed mood and father-child and mother-child relationship predicted preschool children's problem behavior. The sample was 11,286 continuously intact, two-parent biological families of the United Kingdom's Millennium Cohort Study. We found that mother-child relationship and maternal depressed mood had larger effects on children's problem behavior than father-child relationship and paternal depressed mood. The effect of paternal depressed mood was completely mediated by quality of father-child relationship. There were significant moderator effects but only on internalizing problems. There was little evidence to suggest that, among children of this developmental stage, quality of father-child relationship buffers the effect of contextual risk (i.e., promotes resilience). Quality of mother-child relationship, in contrast, buffered the effect of socioeconomic disadvantage but only on emotional symptoms. (Author abstract)

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