Blood Lead Levels and Lead Toxicity in Children Aged 1-5 Years of Cinangka Village, Bogor Regency

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Journal Name
Public Library of Science Journal
Year Published
Author (Individual)
Yana Irawati , Haryoto Kusnoputranto, Umar Fahmi Achmadi, Ahmad Safrudin, Alfred Sitorus, Rifqi Risandi, Suradi Wangsamuda, Puji Budi Setia Asih, and Din Syafruddin
Resource Type
Journal Article
Resource Format
Resource Language

Lead is one of ten hazardous chemicals of public health concern and is used in more than 900 occupations, including the battery, smelting, and mining industries. Lead toxicity accounts for 1.5% (900,000) of deaths annually in the world. In Indonesia, reports of high Blood Lead Level (BLL) have been associated with residency in Used Lead Acid Battery (ULAB) recycling sites. This study identified high BLL rates for children living in a ULAB recycling site, concluded that lead exposure and lead toxicity are still occurring in Cinangka Village, and emphasized the need for systematic action to mitigate the exposure.

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